Cilento where religion, paganism and the rural world are one, Easter is three times.
- Pasca Bufanìa (Easter Epiphany) corresponds the Epiphany, January 6;
- Pasca re Ova (Eggs Easter) is the Easter of Resurrection, on the first Sunday after the first full moon of spring;
- Pasca re Juri (Flowers Easter) corresponds to Pentecost, fifty days after Easter, in Sunday.
The first, in the Cilento farming culture is the day in which the souls of the dead leave this world permanently. An old proverb says: all Easter can reach but not Easter Epiphany!
The second is called Easter eggs to the ancient custom of giving to your loved and children `u viccio with egg, a white braided bread that contains an egg, prepared during the last bread-making before the party. The Egg symbol, the birth, and “the gift” are part of ancient ritual and we find them in many cultures. The the viccio aspect is very original and reveals all the archaism of the ritual: with the appearance of a newborn in swaddling clothes with a egg in the upper part (head), or more often in the lower (navel), the viccio in the past, for little girls who received it as a gift, was the occasion for the “mom” game. All these elements are symbols (cosmic egg, the navel of the earth as the center of life and the world, etc.) connected to the ancient mythologies of the primordial life “forms”.
The third is called Flowers Easter because, during the solemn Mass, the celebrant sprinkled the faithful with petals, symbolizing the Holy Spirit descent. This feast of flowers is the Christian version of spring rites in the ancient world, connected to two other parties in which the flowers are also “actors”: the Ascension and Corpus Christi. During the typical outing of Pasquetta (Easter Monday) or in the following days, the people picks up a grass tuft growing in the cracks of the town walls, called grass Ascension. Placed it at the head of the bed, it will bloom after thirty or forty days, for the Feast of the Ascension. In the past, based on how the branches were growing up or falling flowers, unmarried girls discovered how it would be their future marriage; sign of impending disaster if the grass was not bloomed at all.
Nature, religion, customs and traditions are still one thing in Cilento. Mother Earth with its rhythms, like the Native American peoples, was the center of Cilento people life and thanks to this, today this territory preserve landscapes and small villages where time seems to stand still.